The ‘Dial Hand’ Epilogue: by Shakespeare, or Dekker?

  • Brian Vickers Institute of English Studies, London University

Abstract

During Shrovetide 1599 a play was performed before Queen Elizabeth at Richmond Palace, an occasion for which an epilogue ‘To the Quene’ was written to be spoken by an actor. Discovered in 1972, its first editors tentatively ascribed it to Shakespeare. Two scholars, Michael Hattaway and Helen Hackett, subsequently ascribed it to Dekker, but John Nance has recently revived the Shakespeare attribution, and the poem has been included in The New Oxford Shakespeare. This essay reviews the evidence, concluding that it was indeed written by Dekker. Jonson has also been proposed, having used the same verse form as the epilogue (trochaic tetrameter couplets), but a comparison shows that Jonson’s are in strict trochaics, with each line clearly separated. Dekker’s usage conforms to that of the epilogue, with more run-on lines and iambic metre interspersed. Hattaway had pointed out that the epilogue is also a prayer for the Queen’s well-being, citing other examples ending plays composed during her reign. The key verb form for such prayers is the optative mode, in which the speaker’s hopes and wishes are expressed by the word ‘may’. A search of Dekker’s plays and civic entertainments reveals that he frequently used such formulae, and in many cases echoes the exact wording of the ‘Dial Hand’ poem. Finally, the Shakespeare parallels cited by Nance are shown to be inappropriate.

Author Biography

Brian Vickers, Institute of English Studies, London University

Professor Sir Brian Vickers is a Distinguished Senior Fellow of the School of Advanced Study, London University, a Fellow of the British Academy, an Honorary Fellow of Downing College, Cambridge, and an International Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. His publications include Shakespeare, Co-Author. A Historical Study of Five Collaborative Plays (Oxford, 2002); “Counterfeiting” Shakespeare. Evidence, Authorship, and John Ford’s Funerall Elegye (Cambridge, 2002); Shakespeare, A Lover’s Complaint, and John Davies of Hereford (Cambridge, 2007); and The Collected Works of John Ford, Vols. II and III (Oxford, 2017), containing the six co-authored plays.

Published
2018-12-13
How to Cite
Vickers, B. (2018). The ‘Dial Hand’ Epilogue: by Shakespeare, or Dekker?. Authorship, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.21825/aj.v7i2.9735
Section
Attribution and Elizabethan drama: qualitative versus quantitative methods